Early detection through screening, more effective treatments, reduction of exposure to risk factors and equal care for people diagnosed with cancer contribute to reducing the burden cancer in Nigeria.
1. The word “cancer” is related to the Greek word “crab” because its finger-like projections were similar to the shape of the crab. Galen, a Roman physician, used the word oncos, which is Greek for “swelling.”
2. Cancer is not one disease but dozens of diseases.
Cancer is a group of more than 100 different diseases characterized by the uncontrolled, abnormal growth of cells that form a tumor. Some cancers, such as blood cancers, do not form tumors.There are more than 100 different types of cancer.
3. Early detection is key.
Some cancers can be found early by physical examinations by a health professional (such as examination of the skin), specific examinations (such as a colonoscopy to look inside the rectum and the colon) and X-ray or laboratory tests (such as mammography and the Pap test). A combination of these approaches is the most effective strategy for early detection, and early detection increases the likelihood of effective treatment.
4. Some cancers can be prevented.
Cigarettes, cigars, pipes and smokeless tobacco cause cancer. Staying in the shade, wearing a hat and shirt when in the sun and using sunscreen can lower skin cancer risk. Certain foods are linked to some types of cancer. Reducing your intake of high fat foods and increasing dietary fiber may reduce cancer risk. Limiting alcohol consumption, maintaining body weight or not gaining weight as an adult and including exercise as part of daily activities can also lower cancer risk.
5. Why does cancer grow?
This is best understood if you can get your head around apoptosis; a term medical professionals use to describe the natural cycle of growth and death of cells in the body. It so happens that normally, some cells in our body grow up to a certain period in our body and then experience apoptosis. Contrary to this, the anomaly of a continuous growth of such a cell is the birth of cancer. Some are malignant enough that the tumor becomes fatal.
5. Cancer can be prevented in many ways.
Cancer can be prevented by Filter your tap water, Stop topping your tank, Burn off your risk.
Moderate exercise such as brisk walking 2 hours a week cuts risk of breast cancer 18%. Regular workouts may lower your risks by helping you burn fat, which otherwise produces its own estrogen, a known contributor to breast cancer. Head off cell phone risks Use your cell phone only for short calls or texts, or use a hands-free device that keeps the phone Block cancer with color Choosing your outdoor outfit wisely may help protect against skin cancer, say Spanish scientists.
6. Do a folic acid check
The B vitamin, essential for women who may become or are pregnant to prevent birth defects, is a double-edged sword when it comes to cancer risk.6. Up your calcium intake Milk’s main claim to fame may also help protect you from colon cancer.
7. There are four primary cancer treatments.
The primary cancer therapies are surgery, chemotherapy, radiation and biologic therapy. Cancers respond differently to various types of treatment, and people with the same cancer may respond differently to the same treatment. Early-stage cancers may need different therapies than later-stage cancers. Overall health, lifestyle and personal preferences also influence treatment choice.
8. Rate of death
Currently, 7.6 million people die from cancer worldwide every year, out of which, 4 million people die prematurely (aged 30 to 69 years).